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History

Ancient history and settlement.

Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.3 billion people as of 2018, it accounts for about 16% of the world’s human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), eight territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Geography

Ancient history and settlement.

Africa is the largest of the three great southward projections from the largest landmass of the Earth. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, it is joined to Asia at its northeast extremity by the Isthmus of Suez (transected by the Suez Canal), 163 km (101 mi) wide. (Geopolitically, Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula east of the Suez Canal is often considered part of Africa, as well.)

The coastline is 26,000 km (16,000 mi) long, and the absence of deep indentations of the shore is illustrated by the fact that Europe, which covers only 10,400,000 km2 (4,000,000 sq mi) – about a third of the surface of Africa – has a coastline of 32,000 km (20,000 mi).From the most northerly point, Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia (37°21′ N), to the most southerly point, Cape Agulhas in South Africa (34°51’15” S), is a distance of approximately 8,000 km (5,000 mi). Cape Verde, 17°33’22” W, the westernmost point, is a distance of approximately 7,400 km (4,600 mi) to Ras Hafun, 51°27’52” E, the most easterly projection that neighbours Cape Guardafui, the tip of the Horn of Africa.

Available Tours Within Africa

Kenya (Stop Over Package)

0 review(s) days
₦35,000 Tour list image

LeapDaycation

5 1 review 10 days
₦350,000 Tour list image

Lagos Weekend

4.5 2 review(s) 3 days
₦25,000 Tour list image

Abuja Daycation

5 1 review 1 day
₦350,000 Tour list image

Abuja Weekend

5 1 review 3 days
₦35,000 Tour list image

Farin Ruwa Waterfalls

5 1 review 8 days
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